Weekly Assignment #12

Since I never did really post the assignment last week, we’ll fold it over into this week’s. Please find two books (monographs or edited books) related to your topic and post them, with annotations, as comments to this post. Thanks.

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16 responses to “Weekly Assignment #12

  1. Jill Taylor

    Harbage, Alfred. Shakespeare?s Audience. New York: Columbia University Press, 1941.
    Harbage investigates how the Elizabethan mass audience interacted with the plays of Shakespeare in public theatres, such as the Globe. Using several Elizabethan texts as evidence, Harbage determines the typical size of the audience and the distribution of social classes amongst the audience members. From this base, Harbage describes the behavior within the playhouse and examines how Shakespeare?s audience evaluated the quality of the performances. An early work of scholarship in this area, Harbage provides a useful synthesis of primary sources to construct a portrait of the audience as a group. While Harbage cites specific examples of audience behavior at the theatres, his depiction is milder than the popular conception of groundling behavior, raising the question of whether new sources have been discovered to support this stereotype or Harbage?s research has been the victim of hyperbole.
    Kiernan, Pauline. Staging Shakespeare at the New Globe. New York: St. Martin?s Press, 1999.
    Kiernan?s examination of Shakespeare?s Globe, the reconstruction of the Globe theatre in London, is divided into three parts: the physical space of the theatre and the role of the audience, a profile of the rehearsals and production of the 1997 production of Henry V, and interviews with actors and theatre personnel. The first section compares the reconstructed space and the audience behavior within this space with Elizabethan accounts of the theatre and additional evidence provided by research. The latter two sections give insider accounts of the productions at the Globe from Kiernan, a research fellow at the Globe, and from the actors. Kiernan?s position as research fellow may have affected her objectivity in evaluating the success of the theater reconstruction and productions; any criticisms she offers are rather gentle. Rather, her insider status makes her report on Henry V a valuable primary source for information about the production, despite any bias she may have for the project.

  2. Aaron Turney

    Abrams, M. H. Natural Supernaturalism; Tradition and Revolution in Romantic Literature. 1st ed. ed. New York: Norton, 1971. Abrams? book deals primarily with theory regarding the journey literature, especially poetry, took into the romantic age. His critical focus is on the emerging common themes, means of expression, and ways of expression of the late 18th and early 19th centuries as stated by the eminent authors of the day. Abrams analyzes both the overarching cultural transition as well as those authors? writings on the subject. In addition, Abrams carefully illustrates the fresh means of imagination seen in and produced by the Romantic Movement and its subsequent impact on Western religion and socio-cultural design. While Abrams? cultural contexts of the Romantic Age are well rendered, the connections to actual authors and their texts tend to remain in the sphere of the broad, but that clearly is the author?s clear intent.
    Kerr, Howard. Crowley,John William, and Charles L. Crow. The Haunted Dusk : American Supernatural Fiction, 1820-1920. Athens, Ga: University of Georgia Press, 1983. The essays in this volume are perfectly selected. While the collection covers a relatively short menu of authors, it does accomplish much by including topics that are so well specialized and well written. Gerald Kennedy?s ?Phantasms of Death in Poe?s Fiction? is a wonderful essay that draws parallels between Poe as an emblem of disconnected and outcast ideas in an emerging humanistic society and the subjects and characters in his story who tend to suffer the same types of misfortune. Kennedy also includes a good deal of analysis of the American Gothic movement at large. Carolyn Karcher?s ?Philanthropy and the Occult in the Fiction of Hawthorne, Brownson, and Melville takes a unique approach to these authors as responding to the religious, spiritual, and social movements of their time. The two I have mentioned are particularly original bits of criticism in a volume that is extremely valuable for the study of the topic of Romanticism and Gothic Literature.

  3. Susanna Branyon

    Ketchin, Susan. The Christ-haunted Landscape: Faith and Doubt in Southern Fiction. Oxford: University Press of Mississippi, 1994.
    This book is an anthology of sorts–a collection of interviews and short fiction from writers living, writing, and searching in the South, a place where ?old-time religion? is still alive. The compilation sets its tone in an opening observation made years ago by Flannery O?Connor: ?By and large, people in the South still conceive of humanity in theological terms. While the South is hardly Christ-centered, it is most certainly Christ-haunted. The Southerner who isn?t convinced of it is very much afraid that he might have been formed in the image and likeness of God.?
    The Christ-haunted South: Faith and Doubt in Southern Fiction explores the roles of various flavors of Southern religion (most notably Evangelical Protestantism -black and white- and Catholicism) in Southern fiction. Twelve authors are included, with Ketchin?s descriptive profile and commentary, an interview, and a piece of short representative fiction. The introduction discusses the religious and cultural forces that have impacted the writers in the Southern landscape whose work is affected by the legacies of Faulkner, O?Connor, and Percy.
    O?Connor, Flannery. Ed., Sally Fitzgerald. The Habit of Being: Letters of Flannery O?Connor. Canada: HarperCollins Ltd, 1988.
    This collection of over 800 letters is an impressive and intimate look at Flannery O?Connor?s life?her goals, her faith, her family, and her wicked sense of humor. Sally Fitzgerald, wife of O?Connor?s literary agent and frequent corresponder says in the introduction, “I have come to think that the true likeness of Flannery O’Connor will be painted by herself, a self-portrait in words, to be found in her letters . . . There she stands, a phoenix risen from her own words: calm, slow, funny, courteous, both modest and very sure of herself, intense, sharply penetrating, devout but never pietistic, downright, occasionally fierce, and honest in a way that restores honor to the word.”
    The letters are arranged chronologically, and divided into four sections: ?Up North and Getting Home,? ?Day In and Day Out,? ?The Violent Bear it Away,? and ?The Last Year.? The depth and truthfulness of her writing are a testament to her ability to understand life from her confinement and to live, through words, a remarkably full 39 years. Those same qualities offer the reader a clear picture of the world as she understood it ?and as she captured it in her work.

  4. Matt Davis

    Bartholomae, David, and Tony Petrosky. Facts, Artifacts, and Counterfacts: Theory and Method for a Reading and Writing Course. Upper Montclair, NJ: Boynton/Cook Publishers, 1986.
    This book is the layout of a semester-long freshman composition course as designed (and instituted) by the authors. The course focuses on reading as a basis for composition and intersects with my topic on this point. It gives concrete examples of the ways that “literature” is used in freshman composition (my topic) and provides not only the theoretical framework for the choice of texts and method of reading, but also the specific examples for each integrated writing assignment.
    Tate, Gary, ed. “Teaching Composition: 12 Bibliographic Essays.” Fort Worth, TX: Texas Christian University Press, 1987.
    This is (the title gives it away) a collection of essays dealing with teaching composition, including one which deals specifically with the role of literature in composition pedagogies. In addition to being a source of information on the topic, the collection is a source of clues about the form of my paper- since my assignment was a literature review, the bibliographic essays provided suggestions for structure, style, and organization which proved helpful.

  5. Joshua Clements

    MacDougall, David. Transcultural Cinema. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1998. MacDougall?s book approaches the question of ?observational filmmaking,? and the legitimacy of it as documentary. MacDougall is very critical of this, while at the same time being exactly the type of filmmaker he is criticizing. This paradox also lies at the heart of Mondo films. The filmmakers are constantly observing different parts of the world, while oftentimes blurring the lines of observation and getting into great personal danger specifically because of the extent of their involvement. MacDougall?s explanation of his paradox will be vital to my attempts to contextualize the motivations of the Mondo filmmakers.
    Goodall, Mark. Sweet & Savage: The World Through the Shockumentary Film Lens. London: Headpress. 2006. Goodall?s book is entirely about Mondo films and their placement in a broader film history context. There are a few articles speaking about various themes explored in the Mondo films: voyeurism, Mondo as document, anti-narrative, the treatment of animals, critical background. This will be an essential part of the backbone of my research, because it is the only book I have found in the English language that is devoted entirely to Mondo.

  6. Liz Jenkins

    Critical essays on James Joyce’s A portrait of the artist as a young man. Edited by Philip Brady and James F. Carens, New York : G.K. Hall. 1998.
    This is a collection of essays spanning the last forty years of Joyce criticism. This is a facsincating book and wonderful starting point as it includes some of the most famous articles that were originally published in the 1960’s. It also contains several previously unpublished articles, so it really runs the gammot from classic to contemporary criticism.
    Stephen hero. James Joyce. Edited from the ms. in the Harvard College Library by Theodore Spencer. Norfolk, Conn: New Directions, 1963.
    I was not sure if this work would count as a good source, but working on “A Portrait” it would be impossible to ignore this as it is a partial draft of the first version of Joyce’s novel. Most of the novel was destroyed or lost, but what fragments remain have been published and edited twice since Joyce’s death. Since only about 200 of the original 1000 pages remain of the work, the editor’s task of synthesizing the fragments is substantial enough to make this work count as a form of criticism. Also, being able to compare the two seemingly unrelated works and track the changes made is essential to an indepth study of “A Portrait”.

  7. E. Ashley Yates

    Grayson, Jane, Arnold McMillin, and Priscilla Meyer. eds. “Nabokov’s World, Volume 2: Reading Nabokov.” New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2002.
    Grayson is a lecturer in Russian Language and Literature at the University College London. McMillin is a professor of Russian Literature at the same university. Meyer is a professor of Russian at Wesleyan University, Connecticut. The contents of their text consist of critical essays written by fifteen noteworthy Nabokov scholars and specialists. The essays focus on intertextuality, literary reception of Nabokov’s work, and various proposals on how to read Nabokov’s work. The essays also look at Nabokov’s interaction with other writers and his interaction with other forms of art. Jane Grayson provides the introduction to this book. Brian Boyd, a Nabokov Scholar I seem to run into a lot, offers the first essay on Nabokov, “Nabokov: A Centennial Toast.”
    Boyd, Brian, and Robert Michael Pyle. eds. “Nabokov’s Butterflies: Unpublished and Uncollected Writings.” Boston: Beacon Press, 2000.
    This text takes a look at Nabokov’s obession with lepidoptera, the study of butterflies, moths, and skippers. Butterfly images and ideas appear within most all of Nabokov’s work. Boyd and Pyle come from different schools of research. Boyd is well known as a biographer of Nabokov. Pyle is a butterfly expert. They each offer an essay discussing their expertise in regards to Nabokov’s involvement with butterflies. Boyd’s essay is called “Nabokov, Literature, Lepidoptera.” Pyle’s essay is called “Between Climb and Cloud: Nabokov among the Lepidopterists.” Included in this text is a collection of selected writings from 1908 – 1977. Also included is a second addendum to Nabokov’s novel “The Gift”, which is only published in this text and has been translated by Dmitri Nabokov. My favorite part of this book are the many illustrations of butterflies Nabokov drew for his wife Vera, some with the note, “To my darling. – from V.”

  8. Laura R.

    Bohls, Elizabeth A. Women Travel Writers and the Language of Aesthetics, 1716-1818. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
    Elizabeth Bohls provides an insightful analysis into the popular eighteenth- century practice of travel writing as a genre. Her specific examination relates to females employing travel writing as a genre where their voices could be heard. Bohls also addresses the issues of the sublime and the beautiful and how that related to the methods of describing the landscapes found during travel. Her chapter on Helen Maria Williams explores how Williams chose to insert herself into the genre. I find this to be helpful as it helps me understand her letters more clearly, instead of merely viewing the letters as typical prose of the day.
    Physiognomy in Profile: Lavater’s Impact on European Culture. Melissa Percival and Graeme Tytler, ed. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2005.
    This collection of essays on the influence of physiognomy on European culture is an invaluable resource on the “science” of physiognomy. It provides essays relating to the actual science of reading faces, as well as essays addressing the cultural significance of physiognomy. The tone of the book is sometimes very theoretical, and other times it is narrative in nature. On the whole, it is an excellent source to utilize as I work to uncover the impact of physiognomy in Helen Maria Williams’ works.

  9. Domenica Vilhotti

    Weekly Assignment #11: Annotate Two Books Related to Your Topic
    I caught a break with this assignment?my annotated bibliography for my Romanticism class (the class I?m writing this paper for)?was due today. Thank you cut & paste?
    My Thesis: Thesis: Victor Frankenstein and his monster create a symbolic analogue to the guilt Mary Shelley felt for the death of beloved family members. In this context, the monster can be interpreted as the personification of his creator?s repressed aggression. Accordingly, the creature becomes monstrous as Frankenstein refuses to acknowledge the monster as his own, as part of his self.
    Mellor, Anne K. Mary Shelley: Her Life, Her Fiction, Her Monsters. 1st ed. New York: Mathuen, 1988. In a landmark book of recent Shelley scholarship, Anne Mellor surveys current interpretations on Frankenstein as well as originates her own claims. In six subdivisions she discusses the novel?s textual origins, the birth and death motif, Percy Shelley?s revisions, Mary Shelley?s feminist critique of science, perception and identity, and the creature as the creator?s double.
    Mellor interprets the death of Shelley?s unnamed baby and her subsequent dreams of the baby?s reanimation as the expression of ?her deepest subconscious anxieties, the natural fears of a very young woman embarking on the processes of pregnancy, giving birth, and mothering? (10). The ?birth? of the monster and Victor Frankenstein?s total failure as a parent reverberate with Shelley?s personal anxieties of being unable to love a possibly deformed baby, to fail as a mother.
    I plan to depart from her view here, interpreting the death of the baby as rather causing Shelley?s subconscious anxieties of being responsible for her death. Mellor?s view that William Frankenstein is modeled in name and appearance after Shelley?s son ?suggests even deeper anxieties about herself as a mother,? might contribute to my argument that Victor Frankenstein mirrors his author?s guilt over a family member?s possible death (11). Mellor discusses how ?exactly nine months enwomb the telling of the history of Frankenstein,? and that Victor Frankenstein?s death and the creature?s ?promised suicide,? correlate with the month of Mary Wollstonecraft?s postpartum death (12). While Mellor views these correlations as consequences of ?the birth of Mary Godwin-the-author,? I see these connections as suggesting a further link between Victor Frankenstein, Mary Shelley, and the responsibility she may have felt for the death of her mother.
    Mellor?s subsection on the creation as double is most helpful to my argument. She does much work to establish the creature and Victor as ?virtually fused into one being, almost one consciousness,? particularly near the novel?s concluding chapters (23). While never overtly staking the claim that the monster is an aspect of Victor?s self, she alludes to it. Specifically, Mellor argues that Shelley critiques the notion of the Romantic imagination in her belief that the ?unfettered imagination is more likely to create forms based on fear than on love? (23). Her argument could be interpreted as Victor?s unfettered imagination created the monster based on fear, all notions which support my argument.
    Veeder, William R. Mary Shelley and Frankenstein: The Fate of Androgyny. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, 1986. William Veeder?s argument most relevant to my paper is that Victor Frankenstein enacts a regressive, or ?negative,? Oedipal conflict by wishing the death of the mother in order to dethrone the father. He attributes some of the inspiration for his thesis in the novel?s subtitle: The Modern Prometheus, viewing the tortured god as an allusion the story of multi-generational quest to dethrone the patriarch. In his reverse or ?negative? take on the Oedipal conflict, Veeder departs from feminist psychoanalytic readings of Frankenstein that posit a traditional Oedipal conflict, giving prominence to the mother. For instance, Veeder views Victor?s famous nightmare, traditionally the source of traditional Oedipal readings, as expressly not Oedipal: Victor seeks to kill the mother in order to be ?free to move beyond woman to father? (379).
    The most valuable aspects of Veeder?s study are his modes of argumentation. Without deliberate evidence, he implicitly assumes and then asserts the monster is a stand-in for Victor?s aggressive wishes. Useful to my paper, Veeder writes, ?Victor has created the monster to enact his murderous will against his family? (384). Not once, however, does Veeder find it necessary to prove the existence or source of Victor?s ?murderous will.? In another instance, as Victor?s ?surrogate,? the monster murders William Frankenstein only when he is identified as a son to Alphonse. In doing so, the surrogate is striking out at Victor/the monster?s father in attempt to castrate and ultimately dethrone him. Veeder?s casual avoidance of the burden of proof showing the monster to be an aspect of Victor might be a useful model for me because it allows me to focus on the key parts of my essay without becoming bogged down in logistics.
    Veeder also uses a variant of word-association to prove, perhaps speciously, several of his points. He will take a quote such as Victor?s agonizing, ??Whose death,? cried I, ?is to finish the tragedy? Ah! my father, do not remain in this wretched country,? and attempt to illustrate the negative Oedipal conflict by reducing it to ??to finish?my father?.? I wonder if this interpretive strategy, used judiciously, might further support some of my arguments.
    Veeder?s article most valuably introduced me to the concept of ?convenient pretexts.? Convenient pretexts are basically the subconscious stretching of the truth one uses to interpret his situation in order to support a wish or evade responsibility. Applied to my argument, in an effort to evade responsibility for wishing the deaths of some of the murders or for actually murdering himself, Victor could have conveniently projected his most aggressive impulses onto the monster. The fact that Victor is narrating his story to Walton further facilitates the use of ?convenient pretexts.? This is certainly a concept I must grapple with a bit more before using it comfortably.

  10. Kimberly Bowers

    Suzan Harrison. *Eudora Welty and Virginia Woolf : gender, genre, and influence.* Louisiana State University Press. Baton Rouge, La. 1997.
    The main appeal of this book is that it has the ability to show the profound influence of Virginia Woolf. It also allows me to look at certain features that may be different or similar between an American female author of the early-mid 1900’s and a British one. Welty began to write after Woolf, and must have admired and studied her since she wrote the introduction to the 1981 edition to *To the Lighthouse* (according to a book review by Bette Baur). Apparently, Harrison uses the dialogic method of Bakhtin to discuss the writings of these two authors. She tweaks his original system in order to include the all important topic of gender. Baur said the book’s arguments are new and sturdy. I think that it would be a very good comparison between the author of my focus and one of her contemporaries. The book review was published in Project Muse – Modern Fiction Studies 44.2 (1998) 497-498.
    Dusinberre, Juliet. *Virginia Woolf’s Renaissance : woman reader or common reader?*. University of Iowa Press. Iowa City, Iowa. 1997.
    According to a book review by Claire Hanson in The Yearbook of English Studies 2000 Modern Humanities Research Association, this book deals primarily with Woolf as a cultural critic. There are many books, journal articles and conference papers available on her fiction works and her importance as an author, however, her critical work is just as important. Woolf’s important ideas on gender as well as narrative come out in her essays and articles.

  11. Nancy McVittie

    I have, in case it matters, changed the topic of my research for this course, since I’m not really using any of the material for the one I have been working on here for anything but this class. I’ve put a great deal of time recently into research for a topic for one of my other courses and so I think I’m just going to put all my research efforts toward that, as it will ultimately be useful for something more than just this bibliogrphy assignment. I hope that’s okay! 🙂
    Nichols, Bill. Representing Reality: Issues and Concepts in Documentary. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1991.
    This book, a collection of essays Nichols has published on various topics relating to documentary film and the non-fiction format, provides a great wealth of thought on many issues related to my topic, which deals with elements of “reality” in biographical documentary. In particular, ?Sticking to Reality? (134-164) and ?The Fact of Realism and Fiction of Objectivity? (165-198) are chapters/essays that I find speak well to my topic. The breadth covered by the entire book, though, Has proven an excellent source for ideas regarding ?reality? in documentary for me so far and should be solid foundation exploring similar ideas in relation to paper topic.
    Ponech, Trevor. What is Non-Fiction Cinema: On the very Idea of Motion Picture Communication. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1999.
    Small book, part of a series on specialized topics related to current issues in film. This work is useful in its specificity in relation to my topic and provides several interesting angles in looking at “reality” as it spans areas of cinema generally considered both “fiction” and “non-fiction” domains, which my topic does span and seek to explore. Should be useful not only as a jumping-off point for many ideas but in support of others I am already exploring. Compliments the Nichols book well.

  12. Glenice Woodard

    Ellis, Steve. Chaucer: An Oxford Guide . New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
    In May of 2005, Oxford University Press released a guide to Geoffrey Chaucer?s work edited by Steve Ellis BA, PhD (London) Professor of English at University of Birmingham in the UK. This publication is a comprehensive guide to Chaucer’s work which features thirty-seven chapters contributed by an international team of esteemed academics. Work is included not only from scholars with long-standing reputations, but a few of the newer voices in the field as well. It has both general essays that are intended to provide background and contextual information and informative close readings of specific Chaucerian texts. This publication is divided into five main parts: Historical Contexts, Literary contexts, Readings, Afterlife, and Study Resources. The section on Historical Contexts will help my research because it discusses not just Chaucer?s life, but society, politics, religion, science, sexuality and other important factors of life in Chaucer?s England. Additionally, guides to further reading for each chapter and a chronology are included.
    Lerer, Seth. The Yale Companion to Chaucer. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2006.
    Dr. Seth Lerer, Avalon Foundation Professor in Humanities and professor of English and comparative literature at Stanford University, is the editor of this collection of essays on Chaucer?s poetry. This 2006 publication of the Yale University Press includes information on the history and textual contexts of Chaucer?s work. It covers current critical interpretations, and discusses Chaucer?s place in both English and European literary history. Each essay was specially commissioned for inclusion in this book and the close readings of major texts are helpful for studying textual criticism, philology, and even history, as they bear on Chaucer?s work as well as on other medieval literature. Individual essays are accompanied by a detailed bibliography and guide to further study and research which will be extremely helpful in my own effort to learn more. Other than text, this volume also includes a chronology of major dates and events in Chaucer?s life and times, order and pattern in The Canterbury Tales, and useful maps.

  13. Scott Dill

    Practice in Christianity, Soren Kierkegaard. Trans. Howard and Edna Hong. Princeton University Press, 1991.
    While not exactly the usual secondary source, this text of Kierkegaard’s is where he most thoroughly explains his theory of Indirect Communication, which will be a large part of my thesis on Shakespeare’s use of Falstaff. Kierkegaard defines what he sees as the heritage of Christian theology’s use in developing literary representation: poetry as the layering of representation instead of expression or direct conveyance. He discuss Shakespeare briefly.
    Spiritual Shakespeares (Accents on Shakespeare), ed. Ewan Fernie. Routledge, 2005.
    This text contains a preface by the Kierkegaard and Derrida scholar Jack Caputo and discusses the ways in which contemporary scholarship is engaging the moments in and the tactics of Shakespeare’s plays are irreducible to the materialist assumptions of most critical inquiries. The essay about Henry IV and Emmanuel Levinas’s concept of the face will be invaluable.

  14. Dan Parsons

    Jarrell, Randall Poetry and the Age
    New York: Vintage Books, 1953
    This is a great book because Jarrell is such an entertaining/ intelligent curmudgeon/ critic. His book is composed of several essays that are written on several topics all pertaining to the study of literature and poetry. His most famous essay is ?The Age of Criticism? he argues that the elevated position that criticism is assuming in literary life is stunting literary achievement and exposure (literary in the sense of actual engagement with the poem/novel/play, etc.). In the same essay he states: ?But if we read less and less?by we, this time, I mean the cultivated minority?a greater and greater proportion of what we read is criticism.? The book helps give me a direct perspective into modern poetry by one of its major practitioners. Jarrell is an excellent prose writer as well, and that makes this book a pleasure to read.
    The Literary Wittgenstein Edited by John Gibson and Wolfgang Huemer. New York: Routledge, 2004
    This book is contains a collection of essays on Wittgenstein, all with a focus on his impact of literature (its study and its practice). The most important essay in this book (for my topic) is by Joseph Margolis entitled ?Unlikely Prospects for Applying Wittgenstein?s ?Method? to Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art.? This task is a fairly impressive one, since applying Wittgenstein to aesthetics requires an extensive reading of his works?Wittgenstein was relatively silent on the topic of aesthetics (he has a set of lectures but they follow a strict analytic method that hardly amounts to a systematic ?statement?. Overall, this book has been invaluable to my topic.

  15. sowmya Bharadwaj

    Dudley Evans, Tony. St John, Maggie Jo. Developments in English for Specific Purposes: A multi-disciplinary approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
    This has been a very useful book for my research area. The authors discuss recent developments in the field, especially in the areas of English for Academic Purposes and English for Occupational Purposes, the differences between them and the growth of Business English as a separate branch by itself. In their in-depth analysis of the three areas of ESP, they also stress on the need for more research on language, skills and genres used especially in these broad categories and the changing roles of the ESP teacher/ practitioner in this context which is a wonderful find.
    Benesch, Sarah. Critical English for Academic Purposes: Theory, Politics and Practice. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc, 2001.
    Benesch discusses the theoretical underpinnings for EAP, and the key influences in the evolution of EAP and ESP in the initial chapters, which is very crucial to my literature review. The book goes further to examine challenges and practices in the area of English for Academic Purposes and Business Writing and is especially valuable as it is talks of recent developments in the field.

  16. Emily Rutter

    Theresa Towner. Faulkner on the Color Line: The Later Novels
    Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 2000.
    In her book, Towner focuses on race in Faulkner?s later novels in terms of characterization and social values. She focuses on the novels, speeches, essays and stories he wrote after winning the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1949. Her view is that winning this prestigious award forced him into the public sphere where he was constantly questioned on his views of race and segregation in America. As a result, Faulkner developed a new narrative style that was informed by his views on race and social issues. She argues that he was never an advocate for African Americans, but he was deeply interested in exposing and dismantling racial constructs through his fiction. Moreover, through his prose, Towner asserts that Faulkner was able to understand those on the other side of the color line.
    Philip Weinstein. The Ordeal of Race in Faulkner and Morrison. New York: Oxford UP, 1997
    Although, this book is a comparison, I appreciate Weinstein?s approach to Faulkner?s work. In the first part of the book, Weinstein traces Faulkner?s construction of his African American female characters to the time he spent with the family?s black servant, Caroline Barr. Weinstein examines how the character of Dilsey Gibson of The Sound and the Fury is derived from Faulkner?s experiences with Barr. Next, Weinstein tackles Faulkner?s treatment of slavery, especially in novels like The Unvanquished and Absolom! Absolom!. Weinstein illustrates how these novels demonstrate Faulkner?s interest in the effect of slavery on class, race and gender in the nineteenth-century South. Moreover, Weinstein illustrates how Faulkner interprets the legacy of slavery in the early twentieth century.